5G and 5G Ultrawideband – both are used interchangeably in the world of telecommunication, at least, when it comes to consumption and consumers. However, there is a minor technology difference, which impacts the end-user experience too.
If like many, you are too unaware of this difference, continue reading!
The 5G Ultra-Wideband network uses high-band millimeter wave (mmWave) spectrum (also known as Ultrawideband) to deliver the best 5G experience.
On the other hand, the 5G network uses a different, low-band wave spectrum that involves dynamic spectrum sharing (DSS). DSS is a technology that allows 5G service to run simultaneously with 4G LTE on multiple spectrum bands. This is how Verizon describes the 5G Vs 5G Ultrawideband Service difference.
High-band and low-band – let’s understand what do they mean.
The low-band 5G uses 5G NR frequency band between 1 and 6 GHz (Frequency Range 1), while the 5G Ultra-Wideband relies on frequencies between 2 and 24 GHz (Frequency Range 2).
The International Telecommunication Union’s IMT-2020 standard puts on record a theoretical peak download speed of 20 gigabits per second and 10 gigabits per second upload speed for 5G. In the real-world condition, the 5G Ultra Wideband offers peak download speeds of 4+ Gbps and upload speeds of 200+ Mbps. You can download an entire ultra-high definition (4K) movie in just seconds.
Higher frequency band means a better data speed, but a lower coverage on the ground. Signals weaken after covering a few hundred metres whilst low band signals can, in the right circumstances, have a higher range (up to hundred kilometers). Clearly, to make end users consume 5G under higher frequency band, telecom operators need to place more towers to amplify the signals.
Why does the companies offer two frequency bands for the same 5G technology standard? The question is genuine. Well, it’s to smoothen the transition from 4G to 5G. This will give companies some extra time to upgrade their network with more investment while leveraging the existing demands for 5G through low frequency band at the same time.
Availability of Verizon 5G and 5G Ultrawide Band
Verizon markets 5G in the US as 5G Nationwide. It’s now available in 1,800+ cities and currently has a customer-base of over 200 million. 5G Ultra Wideband is available in 60 plus cities. Does this mean customers need to be in a particular region to use 5G or 5G Ultrawideband? No, the switching of the frequency bands happens automatically depending upon the availability of a particular service. The Internet service stays uninterrupted, you only feel the difference.